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Can diabetes affect your eyesight? Dry Eye syndrome

Diabetes occurs when your body cannot use food as fuel effectively. If you have diabetes, your body either does not react to the hormone insulin, which carries glucose (blood sugar) to your body's cells, or it does not make insulin.

Can diabetes affect your eyesight? Yes, diabetes can affect your eyesight. Over time diabetes can harm your eyes over time, resulting in vision loss or blindness. The good news is that diabetes management and routine eye exams can help prevent visual issues and halt their progression.

How Diabetes Affects Your Eyesight

Can Diabetes Affect Your Eyesight?

When your blood glucose, commonly known as blood sugar, is too high, it can cause diabetes and harm your eyes.

You are unlikely to experience vision loss due to high blood sugar in the short term. People can have temporary blurred vision for a few days or weeks when they alter their diabetic care regimen or medications. High blood sugar levels may alter fluid balances or result in swelling of the tissues in your eyes that aid in focusing, impairing your vision. This hazy vision is transient and fades away when your blood sugar levels return to normal.

Symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome

Patients with dry eyes may have blurred vision, burning, foreign body sensations, stickiness, wetness, red eyes, and photophobia. In patients with diabetes-related DES, it has been observed that a gritty sensation is the most noticeable symptom, followed by abnormalities of the tear film.

Ocular problems, including keratoepitheliopathy and keratitis, may develop in difficult situations. Therefore, healthcare experts will have to deal with these problems.

Symptoms of dry eye syndrome include:

Risk Factors for Dry Eyes

Diabetic eye disease can occur in everyone who has diabetes. Your risk is higher while using

  • a high blood sugar level that is untreated

  • an untreated case of high blood pressure

People with dry eyes may also encounter these risks:

  • Inadequate tears. Several glands in and around the eyelids produce tears. Age, several medical issues, or a side effect from some medications can all cause a decrease in tear production. Due to increased tear evaporation, environmental factors, including wind and dry weather, can also cause a decrease in tear volume. Dry eye symptoms can emerge when normal tear production declines or when tears evaporate too quickly from the eyes.

  • Poor tear quality. Oil, water, and mucus are the three components that make up tears. Each component safeguards and nourishes the eye's cornea. The mucin layer spreads the tears equally across the eye's surface, and a thin oil coating keeps the water layer from evaporating. Dry eye symptoms can arise if the tears evaporate too rapidly or do not cover the cornea evenly, owing to faults with any of the three tear layers.

Smoking and high blood cholesterol can increase your risk of developing diabetic eye disease.

Different groups are impacted differently. Diabetes increases the risk of vision loss or blindness in African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Hispanics/Latinos, Pacific Islanders, and elderly persons.

In addition, peripheral neuropathy, high blood sugar, insulin insufficiency, inflammation, and autonomic dysfunction contribute to the development of dry eyes. Neuropathy in diabetic people may impair the lacrimal gland's autonomic control. It has been shown that sorbitol accumulation can cause structural and functional lacrimal gland damage and malfunction, decreasing tear output.

Diagnosing Dry Eyes

Your eye doctor will assess your ability to read letters or symbols well from a distance during your eye exam. Additionally, your retina and the inside of your eyes will be examined by your doctor, who may use a dye to spot leaking blood vessels. Finally, your eye doctor might want to check your eyesight more frequently than once a year if it turns out that you have diabetic retinopathy.

If you are given a type 2 diabetes diagnosis, you should get your eyes examined for diabetic retinopathy very away. After being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you should have regular checkups for the next five years, usually once a year. Your chances of successfully treating diabetic retinopathy increase with time.

Diabetic Eye Disease

The group of eye disorders that might develop due to diabetes is referred to as diabetic eye disease. These consist of the following:

  • Diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy, the main cause of adult blindness in the United States, is brought on by alterations in the retina's blood vessels, which either cause the vessels to leak or to sprout aberrant new blood vessels on the retina's surface. For diabetic retinopathy, we have excellent treatments, claims Cai. It is crucial to get routine eye exams to ensure that your doctor can provide you with these therapies as soon as you need them.

  • Macular edema. The center of the retina, the macula, which gives clear, straight vision, may expand due to leaky blood vessels brought on by diabetes. Vision may become distorted or blurry as a result.

  • Glaucoma. Diabetes is a contributing factor in neovascular glaucoma, one kind of glaucoma. The blood vessels in the retina may become damaged by high sugar levels, or aberrant new blood vessels may form. The colored area of the eye, the iris, can develop new blood vessels, which can raise eye pressure and lead to glaucoma.

  • Cataracts. People with diabetes may experience earlier cataract onset and faster cataract progression due to increased blood sugar levels. A cataract is the outcome of a hazy deposit in the eye's lens as a result of this.

Treatment for Dry Eyes

When Should I Call The Doctor?

You should call the doctor under the following dire circumstances:

  • Black spots in your vision

  • Flashes of light

  • "Holes" in your vision

  • Blurred vision

These adjustments to your vision could be signs of a detached retina or a serious medical emergency.

How Do You Prevent Dry Eyes?

Protect and Prevent Dry Eyes

By doing the following actions, you can safeguard your vision and reduce your risk of vision loss:

  • To help your eye doctor identify any issues early, when they are most treatable, schedule a dilated eye check at least once a year.

  • Keep your blood sugar levels within the desired range as much as possible. Over time, high blood sugar can harm your eyes' blood vessels, alter how your lenses look and cause hazy vision.

  • Reduce your risk of eye disorders and vision loss by maintaining healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Additionally, it is beneficial to your general health.

  • Give up smoking. Quitting reduces your chance of eye conditions linked to diabetes and enhances your health in numerous other ways.

Prevent Dry Eyes With Enrich

People with diabetes must regularly undergo a clinical examination to prevent dry eye syndrome. As part of a regular diabetic ophthalmic assessment and follow-up, it is a good idea to look at the ocular surface and tear function. Additionally, short-term anti-inflammatory medications and preservative-free artificial tears are advised to enhance the hyperosmolar condition of tears and lessen the local inflammatory response, particularly in patients with long-standing diabetes and poor glycemic control. With early diagnosis and treatment, you can prevent dry eye syndrome.

Enrich enhances life with scientifically-proven products and services that improve life's total wellness and beauty, such as autologous PRP eye serums for dry eyes. With Enrich eye drops, you can prevent and alleviate dry eye symptoms. Please book an appointment session and join our community of wellness-minded individuals now!

(888) 687-3332


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